Relationship Between Coffee Consumption and Dry Eye Syndrome in Adulthood

Relationship Between Coffee Consumption and Dry Eye Syndrome in Adulthood

Authors

  • Aurelia Putri Fayola Medical Undergraduate Programe, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Erlani Kartadinata Opthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia

Keywords:

coffee consumption, dry eye syndrome, adulthood, gender

Abstract

Background

Dry eye syndrome is an eye disorder that affect tear film and can causes damage to the surface of the eyes. This disease is one of the health burdens because of its high prevalence. There are various risk factors for dry eye syndrome, one of which is coffee consumption, due to its high caffeine content. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between coffee consumption and dry eye syndrome in adults.

Methods

An analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design was used for this research. The population in this study were adults (20 – 59 years old) in RW 07 Panaragan Pojok with sample size of 115 people who were taken using cluster random sampling and simple random sampling. Data were collected through filling out questionnaires regarding coffee consumption and filling out OSDI questionnaires. Research data was analyzed using the Chi-square test.

Results

The results of this study shows that subjects who have dry eye syndrome are dominated by late adults in age 30 – 9 years old and male sex. Of all subjects with dry eye syndrome, most of them have a habit of consuming coffee, especially in light consumption. There is no relationship between gender (p = 0,776) and age (p = 0,221) with dry eye syndrome. Meanwhile, it was found that there is a relationship between coffee consumption and dry eye syndrome (p = 0,000).

Conclusions

This study shows that coffee consumption is associated with dry eye syndrome in adulthood. However, it was found that there is no significant relationship between sociodemographic characteristics (age and gender) and dry eye syndrome.

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Author Biography

Erlani Kartadinata, Opthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia

Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Mata, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia

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Published

2023-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Fayola AP, Kartadinata E. Relationship Between Coffee Consumption and Dry Eye Syndrome in Adulthood. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 30 [cited 2023 Dec. 7];6(1):5-12. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/220

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Original Article
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