The association between Stress Levels and Social Support in Mothers Regarding Exclusive Breastfeeding in Samarinda

The association between Stress Levels and Social Support in Mothers Regarding Exclusive Breastfeeding in Samarinda

Authors

  • Ratih Wirapuspita Wisnuwardani Master of Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Nurul Afiah Bachelor of Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Siti A’isyah Bachelor of Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Reny Noviasty Bachelor of Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
  • Rina Tri Agustini Bachelor of Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

Keywords:

Stress, Social support, exclusive breastfeeding

Abstract

Background

The COVID-19 pandemic is causing stress in all aspects of life, including nursing mothers. This situation may affect exclusive breastfeeding coverage, which was only 66% in 2020. Factors contributing to low breastfeeding rates include maternal stress and social support. The aim of this study was to determine the association between maternal stress levels and social support for exclusive breastfeeding during the COVID-19 pandemic in Wonorejo Health Center, East Kalimantan.

Methods

The study design was cross-sectional with a sample of 165 mothers with children aged 6-24 months. Data collection was conducted online via a questionnaire on a Google Form link provided to subjects through their WhatsApp contacts. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test.

Results

55.8% of mothers had high levels of social support supporting exclusive breastfeeding, and 81.2% of mothers experienced moderate stress. Data analysis using the chi-square test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test showed no relationship between social support (p=0.056) and stress level (p=0.969) during exclusive breastfeeding.

Conclusions

There was no significant association between stress levels and social support among mothers of exclusively breastfed children aged 6 to 24 months during the COVID-19 pandemic at the Wonorejo Health Center in Samarinda, East Kalimantan. Wonorejo Health Center is encouraged to continuously improve its breastfeeding promotion programs for mothers and families.

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Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

1.
Wisnuwardani RW, Afiah N, A’isyah S, Noviasty R, Agustini RT. The association between Stress Levels and Social Support in Mothers Regarding Exclusive Breastfeeding in Samarinda. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 19];7(1):24-33. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/254

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Section

Original Article
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