Empowering Indonesian Fathers: The Impact ff Online Lactation Education on Health Literacy and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy

Empowering Indonesian Fathers: The Impact ff Online Lactation Education on Health Literacy and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy

Authors

  • Agus Rahmat Hidayat Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka (UHAMKA), Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Sarah Handayani Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka (UHAMKA), Jakarta, Indonesia
  • PA Kodrat Pramudho Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka (UHAMKA), Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Tati Nuryati Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka (UHAMKA), Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Aragar Putri Deli Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka (UHAMKA), Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18051/JBiomedKes.2023.v6.36-50

Keywords:

Breastfeed-Supporting Fathers, Health Literacy, Paternal Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy

Abstract

Background

Breastfeeding is vital for the health of both mothers and infants. However, only 51.5% of infants under six months are exclusively breastfed in Indonesia. Research has consistently demonstrated the positive impact of engaging fathers in breastfeeding programs, leading to improved breastfeeding outcomes. However, lactation education activities for fathers in Indonesia are limited. By measuring the impact of the intervention on fathers' health literacy and self-efficacy, this research aims to contribute to enhancing breastfeeding practices and support in Indonesia.

Methods

This quasi-experimental study aimed to evaluate the impact of online lactation classes on breastfeeding health literacy and fathers' self-efficacy. Participants (N=35) were randomly assigned to the treatment or control group, and pre-and post-tests were conducted. The intervention group received two-day online lactation education via Zoom, while the control group received a breastfeeding e-poster on WhatsApp. Data analysis involved univariate analysis for variable characterization and bivariate analysis using statistical tests such as Paired Sample T-Test, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney tests, with a significance level of p<0.05.

Results

The study's findings demonstrate the efficacy of the online lactation classes in the intervention group compared to the control group, as evidenced by significant improvements in fathers' health literacy (p=0.035) and self-efficacy (p=0.005) in supporting exclusive breastfeeding by their wives.

Conclusions

The research found that online breastfeeding classes for fathers positively affect their health literacy and self-efficacy in supporting breastfeeding. This approach was more effective than electronic posters via a WhatsApp group in increasing health literacy, but the signs positively affected fathers' self-confidence.

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Published

2023-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Hidayat AR, Handayani S, Pramudho PK, Nuryati T, Putri Deli A. Empowering Indonesian Fathers: The Impact ff Online Lactation Education on Health Literacy and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Feb. 26];6(1):36-50. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/328

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Original Article
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