Citing and Referencing: Vancouver

The following style is used for articles published by the Jurnal Biomedika dan Kesehatan.


Vancouver system is a numbered referencing style commonly used in medicine and science, and consists of:

It follows rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), now maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It is also known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.

For citation writing using the Vancouver system, we suggest using this guide modeled on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition). You may wish to consult this source directly for additional information or examples.

Tips for accurate journal references: Typing errors often render references inaccurate. For accurate references to biomedical journals, check the reference in PubMed’s Single Citation Matcher, NLM Catalog for Abbreviation, or Basic Search PubMed and copy the PubMed citation into your document.