Correlation of Calcium Intake and the Intensity Of Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents

Correlation of Calcium Intake and the Intensity Of Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents

Authors

  • Vebby Grace Carolina Medical Undergraduate Programe, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Arleen Devita Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18051/JBiomedKes.2022.v5.214-220

Keywords:

Calcium intake, intensity of primary dysmenorrhea, Adolescents

Abstract

Background
Primary dysmenorrhea is lower abdominal pain happening during menstruation which is not
associated with other diseases or pathology, mostly experienced by adolescents around the world,
including in Indonesia. Calcium intake is considered to affect decreasing the intensity of primary
dysmenorrhea. Lack of calcium can cause muscle spasms and contractions. However, the average
daily intake of calcium in adolescents in Indonesia is still below the recommended adequacy rate. This
study aimed to assess the correlation between calcium intake and the intensity of primary
dysmenorrhea in adolescents.

Methods
This study was done from March 2019 until January 2020; Analyzed the correlation between calcium
intake and intensity of primary dysmenorrhea in 62 adolescents. Calcium intake was assessed using a
semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, while the power of primary dysmenorrhea was
assessed using a Visual Analogue Scale questionnaire.

Results
There were 45.2% of adolescents experienced moderate and severe primary dysmenorrhea. In
addition, 51.6% of adolescents experienced less calcium intake, with an average of 804.9 mg per day.
The results showed a correlation between calcium intake and the intensity of primary dysmenorrhea
(p = 0.000).

Conclusions
Calcium intake is related to the intensity of primary dysmenorrhea. While calcium intake in
adolescents is still lacking, it is recommended to consume adequate calcium intake.

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Published

2022-12-22

How to Cite

1.
Carolina VG, Devita A. Correlation of Calcium Intake and the Intensity Of Primary Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 22 [cited 2023 Dec. 7];5(3):214-20. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/194

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Original Article
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