Prevalence and Sensitivity Pattern of Acinetobacter baumannii in the Intensive Care Unit of Private Hospital in Jakarta

Prevalence and Sensitivity Pattern of Acinetobacter baumannii in the Intensive Care Unit of Private Hospital in Jakarta

Authors

  • Ade Dharmawan Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana
  • Arleen Devita Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Wani Devita Gunardi Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana
  • Nicolas Layanto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18051/JBiomedKes.2023.v6.178-185

Keywords:

Acinetobacter baumanii, intensive care unit, antibiotic susceptibility pattern

Abstract

Background
Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the bacteria that cause nosocomial infections, especially in the
intensive care unit. These bacteria can cause infections, including bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary
tract infections, surgical site infections, and meningitis. Most of these bacteria are multi-resistant to
various antibiotics, impacting cure rates and length of stay. This study aimed to determine these
bacteria's prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in the intensive care unit.
Methods
This research is descriptive research with a retrospective approach. The data was taken from the
antibiotic susceptibility report in the intensive care unit of a private hospital in Jakarta in the period
January 2020 – December 2021. The antibiotic susceptibility report was processed using the
WHONET 2018 software.
Results
From 681 specimens examined in the intensive care unit, the prevalence of Acinetobacter baumannii
was 28.7%, 80% of which came from respiratory specimens. In the sensitivity test results, only the
antibiotic Colistin has the best sensitivity to this bacteria, which is 100% sensitive, while other
antibiotics have poor sensitivity.
Conclusions
Acinetobacter baumannii is the bacteria that causes infection in the intensive care unit, with almost
all of them being multi-drug resistant bacteria.

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Published

2023-08-28

How to Cite

1.
Dharmawan A, Devita A, Gunardi WD, Layanto N. Prevalence and Sensitivity Pattern of Acinetobacter baumannii in the Intensive Care Unit of Private Hospital in Jakarta. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 28 [cited 2024 Feb. 26];6(2):178-85. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/294

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Original Article
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