Phenomena of the most Frequent Cold Symptoms in COVID-19 Patients

Phenomena of the most Frequent Cold Symptoms in COVID-19 Patients

Authors

  • Joekly Wahidan Muharaam Medical Undergraduate Programe, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Diana Samara Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18051/JBiomedKes.2022.v5.136-143

Keywords:

cough, cold, fever, fever, antigen rapid test, COVID-19

Abstract

Background
COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a new coronavirus that has never been
identified in humans that causes various symptoms. Symptoms of COVID-19 that are quite often found
are cough, runny nose, fever. Antigen rapid test is an examination with high sensitivity and specificity,
often used in COVID-19 detection. This study aims to determine the relationship between cough, cold,
and fever symptoms with positive results of COVID-19 antigen rapid test.


Methods
This study used cross-sectional design using medical records. The variables assessed were cough,
cold, fever, and the results of COVID-19 antigen rapid test. Data analysis was performed using chisquare test and logistic regression test with significance level of p<0.05.

Results
Subject are mostly are 31-45 years old and female. Subjects had symptoms of cough (88.2%), fever
(80%), and runny nose (60%). The results of the COVID-19 rapid test antigen were found to be more
reactive (80%). The distribution of reactive results of the COVID-19 rapid antigen test was 86.7% in
cough, 92.2% in colds, and 91.2% in fever. There was a significant relationship between cough
(p=0.000), runny nose (p=0.001), and fever (p=0.000) with reactive results of the COVID-19 rapid test
antigen. Patients with cold symptoms have an 8.67 times greater risk of reactive COVID-19 antigen
rapid tests.

Conclusions
There is a relationship between symptoms of cough, runny nose, and fever with reactive results in
patients aged 17 years and over. Complaints of a cold have a higher risk of reactive results on the
COVID-19 rapid test antigen examination compared to cough and fever. This means that patients with
colds need to be more aware of being infected with COVID-19.

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Published

2022-12-22 — Updated on 2023-01-03

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How to Cite

1.
Muharaam JW, Samara D. Phenomena of the most Frequent Cold Symptoms in COVID-19 Patients. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 3 [cited 2023 Dec. 7];5(3):136-43. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/249

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Original Article
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