Molecular Epidemiology genes detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolates from the Adult Patients with Comorbidities in Baghdad hospitals

Molecular Epidemiology genes detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolates from the Adult Patients with Comorbidities in Baghdad hospitals

Authors

  • Nuha B Kudaer College of Biotechnology, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Mohsen Hashim Risan College of Biotechnology, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Rasha Raheem Alkarkh Health Directorate, Baghdad, Iraq Department of Chemistry, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Khalid Zainulabdeen Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Israa Salman Al-Nahrian University
  • Nany Hairunisa Department of Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Husnun Amalia Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Seenar Hameed Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Emad Yousif Al-Nahrain University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18051/JBiomedKes.2023.v6.196-215

Keywords:

Capsule, Klebsiella pneumonia, 16 rRNA, MagA, K2A, RmpA, Kfu

Abstract

Background
Klebsiella species is one of the most worldwide opportunistic pathogens in the world that cause
infections at multiple sites like lung, urinary tract, bloodstream, wound or surgical site, and brain.
Klebsiella pneumoniae has many types of virulence factors that give the bacteria the ability to invade
the host and cause infections.
Methods
A total of (105) human clinical samples were collected from different patients with different cases.
Klebsiella pneumonia were isolated from 30 samples. The bacteria were identified by biochemical
tests and certified by using VITEK 2 system and genetically by amplify using PCR for 16 rRNA gene.
One of the Klebsiella pneumoniae virulence factors is the capsule that is responsible for the
macrophage resistance and its also responsible for serotype. So to confirm the strains isolated, PCR
Gene detection of, MagA, K2A, RmpA, and Kfu, where (magA, k2A, rmpA, kfu) gens are responsible
for capsule synthesis of Klebsiella pneumonia have been done.
Results
There were 30 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae were identified. Epidemiological studies show that
infections are preceded by gastrointestinal colonization, with the gastrointestinal tract being the
most important reservoir for transmission. The primary bacterial isolates were identified based on
their cultural, microscopic, and biochemical traits. The API system (API 20E) and VITEK 2 systems
were used to confirm the identity of the bacterial isolates. Colony morphology revealed that
Klebsiella pneumonia was Gram-negative, non-motile, microscopic straight rods grouped singly or in
pairs. Biochemical tests showed that neutral end products prevailed over acidic end products, with
Klebsiella producing negative results for indole. The Kligler Iron Agar (KIA) test showed that Klebsiella isolates changed the color of the slant and butt, producing an acidic slant and acid butt,
along with gas production. The urease test for Klebsiella distinguishes between Enterobacter and
Klebsiella isolates, as Klebsiella can manufacture the urease enzyme. The indole test distinguishes K.
pneumonia from K. pneumonia from K. mobiliz. The API 20E system was used for biochemical
testing, and the VITEK 2 system was used for identification. The VITEK 2 system was used to test for
biochemical and antibiotic susceptibility, and the results supported the findings from morphological
and biochemical analyses. PCR amplification was used for molecular detection, and all nine isolates
tested positive for the magA and k2A genes. The ferric iron uptake system gene (kfu) and the
extracapsular polysaccharide synthesis regulator gene (rmpA) were amplified using specific primer
pairs. The VITEK 2 system demonstrated promising outcomes for K. pneumoniae identification.
However, standard diagnostic methods are costly and time-consuming.
Conclusions
Navigating the complex landscape of infectious diseases, collaborative research projects have
become indispensable in unraveling the mysteries surrounding pathogens. The project in Baghdad,
having stood as a shining example of such collaboration, provided valuable insights into the
identification, characterization, and molecular aspects of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. The
findings, have not only contributed to the scientific community's understanding of bacterial
infections but also paved the way for enhanced strategies in diagnosis and treatment.

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Published

2023-08-31

How to Cite

1.
Kudaer NB, Risan MH, Raheem R, Zainulabdeen K, Salman I, Hairunisa N, Amalia H, Hameed S, Yousif E. Molecular Epidemiology genes detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolates from the Adult Patients with Comorbidities in Baghdad hospitals. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 31 [cited 2024 Feb. 26];6(2):196-215. Available from: https://jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/327

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